The designer historians of our country never studied the decisions of Mahatma Gandhi through the glasses with which the apology petition of Veer Savarkar was seen and even today this is happening in our country.
New Delhi: There is a special section in our country which is bent on proving freedom fighter Veer Savarkar as a coward. This is the class which considers Mahatma Gandhi as secular and considers Savarkar to be communal. For 70 years of independence, this class did not allow Veer Savarkar to find a place in the history books. Now a similar controversy has started regarding Veer Savarkar. This controversy is over the claim that Veer Savarkar had apologized to the British at the behest of Mahatma Gandhi.
Why the controversy over Savarkar?
The friendship of Savarkar and Mahatma Gandhi is not tolerated by a certain section of people who hate Savarkar and they are discrediting the theory that Mahatma Gandhi once tried to help Veer Savarkar. The facts of history tell how the relationship between Savarkar and Mahatma Gandhi was. In 1920, Mahatma Gandhi also wrote an article in which he supported Savarkar and appealed to the British to release him. These are the facts of history which were never taught to you in schools and colleges.
‘Apologized at the behest of Mahatma Gandhi’
The latest controversy started after a statement by Union Defense Minister Rajnath Singh, in which he said that Mahatma Gandhi had advised Veer Savarkar to apologize to the British government. He said these things in the launch program of Uday Mahurkar and Chirayu Pandit’s book, titled ‘Veer Savarkar: The Man Who Could Have Prevented Partition’. During this, he said, ‘A lie was spread against Savarkar that he had filed a mercy petition for himself with the British. Gandhi had also said that as we are trying for freedom, Savarkar is also trying for freedom. Savarkar, while serving his sentence in jail, had apologized to the British at the behest of Mahatma Gandhi. Savarkar was and is an intense revolutionary but Savarkar is accused by the people of Leninist Marxist thought.
How right is the politics on the great men?
Every country has its ideal men and great men and the people there have faith in these great men, do not dispute and do politics about them, but in our country there are disputes about great men and confusion is also created about them. There is an ideological struggle even today regarding the role of revolutionary Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, who fought against the British, but today we will tell you his true and true history with facts. Veer Savarkar sent a total of 6 pardon petitions to the English government during the punishment of Kala Pani, out of which five petitions were sent between 1911 and 1919, while one petition was sent in 1920 on the suggestion of Mahatma Gandhi, but some people of our country would argue that How did Mahatma Gandhi advise Veer Savarkar to apologize when he came to India from South Africa in the year 1915? That is, what is happening in this case is that two different events are being linked together. One event is from the year 1911 to 1919 and the other event is from 1919 to 1921.
Why was the petition rejected by the British?
Veer Savarkar was first arrested from London in the year 1909. He was accused of conspiring to kill British District Collector AMT Jackson in Nashik, Maharashtra. He was also accused of trying to create a war-like situation by instigating a rebellion against the British government. That is, it is proved by this that the British government considered him as its biggest enemy at that time and he was the biggest revolutionary for the people of India. Bigger than Mahatma Gandhi, because then Mahatma Gandhi had not come to India from South Africa. After his arrest from London, he was sent to the Cellular Jail in Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the year 1911, which was then also called Kala Pani Jail or Kala Pani Punishment. During this sentence, Veer Savarkar was subjected to terrible torture, after which he wrote the first letter to the British government on 30 August 1911 and pleaded for forgiveness of his sentence, but after 3 days this petition was rejected.
Differences among historians on apology
After this, on 14 November 1913, he filed another petition, in which he assured not to rebel against the British government, although there are differences among historians about whether this letter should be considered only an apology or the strategy of war. Because Savarkar knew that revolution cannot be brought by being imprisoned in jail and for this it is very important to get out. He served the terrible punishment of black water for 10 years and during this time sent a total of 6 pardon petitions to the English government. In these, 5 letters were written from 1911 to 1919.
When the order was issued after the First World War
In the year 1919, after the First World War, King George 5th of Britain issued an order, under which all political prisoners lodged in jails were pardoned. This was a gift of Britain to the people of India at that time, because during the First World War many leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi, had sworn loyalty to the British. Under this order, many prisoners were also released from the Cellular Jail in Andaman, but the English government decided that it would not pardon Veer Savarkar and his elder brother Ganesh Damodar Savarkar from punishment.
Narayan Rao Savarkar wrote a letter to Gandhi
After this, Savarkar’s younger brother Narayan Rao Savarkar wrote a letter to Mahatma Gandhi on 18 January 1920, which is mentioned by Vikram Sampath on page number 359 of his book ‘Savarkar: Echoes from a Forgotten Past’. In this, he writes that on January 17, 1920, he received information from the Government of India that among the political prisoners who are being released from the Cellular Jail in Andaman, Savarkar and his elder brother are not there. It has become clear that the government will not release him from jail. He tells Mahatma Gandhi that what should he do next in such a situation, he should help him in this. In this, he also writes that Savarkar has been serving the sentence of black water for almost 10 years and his health is very bad and his weight has also come down to 45 kg. In the end, he writes that he hopes that Mahatma Gandhi will help him in this matter.
Gandhi gave this suggestion to Savarkar’s brother
A week later, Mahatma Gandhi replied to this letter on 25 January 1920. In this he writes that I have received your letter. It is difficult to give any advice in this matter but I would give you a suggestion that you should prepare a detailed petition, in which the facts have been presented in such a way that Veer Sawarkar is proved to be a political prisoner. Due to this, the attention of the people will also be drawn on this matter. It was only after Mahatma Gandhi’s suggestion that Veer Savarkar sent his sixth and last petition to the British government, which was later rejected like the rest of the petitions. In his letter of 25 January, Mahatma Gandhi wrote another thing to Veer Savarkar’s younger brother. He had said that as I have already told you that I too am already working in this direction. That is, Mahatma Gandhi was also trying to release Savarkar. For this, he wrote an article in Young India newspaper on 26 May 2020, titled ‘Savarkar Brothers’.
How old is the friendship of Savarkar and Gandhi?
Mahatma Gandhi wrote in the Young India article that it is quite clear that the allegations of violence against Veer Savarkar and his elder brother have not been proved and they should be released on the orders of King George Fifth of Britain. Veer Savarkar and Mahatma Gandhi already knew each other. In the year 1906, when Savarkar was studying law in London and lived there in the Indian House, which was a kind of hostel, Mahatma Gandhi went there to meet him. There is an anecdote from that time that Savarkar had made non-vegetarian food for dinner, seeing which Gandhi started trembling. Seeing Gandhi’s gesture, Veer Savarkar told him that he wanted people who would eat the British alive, you were scared only after seeing the meat. From this statement you can guess the bravery of Savarkar.
28 years of life spent in terrible tortures
Veer Savarkar was in jail for a total of 15 years, out of which he spent 10 years in Kala Pani, which was considered to be the most dreadful prison. Apart from this, he was also under house arrest for 13 years in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. Think, the freedom fighter who spent his almost 28 years in terrible tortures for the freedom of the country, can his patriotism be doubted? The unfortunate thing is that Veer Savarkar, who was sentenced to black water, is described as a coward by a section of our country, but the leaders who spent the days with all facilities in their favorite jail during the freedom movement, they are called heroic revolutionaries. . Among them is Jawaharlal Nehru, who was arrested and kept in such jails where he was given all the facilities. The English government also gave them books to read. There has also been a reaction from his grandson Ranjit Savarkar on this whole issue, who said that he does not consider Mahatma Gandhi as the President.
Gandhi’s ‘loyalty’ to the British!
Many times in history, great men adopted different strategies to achieve their goals. Just as Veer Savarkar tried to get out of jail to fight against the British, Mahatma Gandhi also dreamed of attaining freedom by swearing allegiance to the British. The British had assured Mahatma Gandhi that if the people of India supported the British in the First World War, they would consider freeing India. For this, the British had appealed to the leaders of the Congress party that the soldiers of India should be recruited in the British army, after which Mahatma Gandhi himself took this responsibility and appealed to the people of India to join the British army. Mahatma Gandhi had also written a letter to the then Viceroy of India, Lord Chelmsford, saying that I love the British nation and I want to instill loyalty to the British in every Indian.
Read also; RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat told who started the campaign to defame Veer Savarkar
Why the double standard?
But the designer historians of our country never studied the decisions of Mahatma Gandhi through the prism through which Veer Savarkar’s apology petition was seen and even today the same thing is happening in our country. Think about the brave revolutionaries who endured atrocities for decades to liberate this country, today dirty politics is being done on them in our country. Uday Mahurkar, who wrote a new book on Savarkar, also says that on the advice of Gandhi, Savarkar filed a pardon in 1920. He also told that why a section of our country is so jealous of Congress?
Methods of revolution learned from the revolutionaries of Russia
Between 1906 and 1910, Veer Savarkar was a law student in London. During that time he had learned the methods of revolution from the revolutionaries of Russia. Between 1906 and 1910, Savarkar wrote a book ‘The Indian War of Independence, 1857’. In this book, he called the revolt of 1857 as the first freedom struggle against the British. The British had banned this book. In March 1910, Veer Savarkar was arrested on charges of inciting violence and war against the British government. Veer Savarkar was tried in India. In the year 1911, Savarkar was sentenced to Kalapani in the Andaman Islands. Savarkar was taken to the Andaman Islands where he was subjected to severe torture. For about 10 years, he had to face the atrocities of the British in Kalapani. In the year 1921, the British released him and sent him again to India, but in India also he was kept under house arrest till the year 1924.
Savarkar gave the word ‘Hindutva’
While in jail in the year 1923, Veer Savarkar wrote a book ‘Hindutva: Who Is a Hindu?’ In today’s politics you hear the word Hindutva again and again. This word was coined by Veer Savarkar. After the year 1924, he was released from detention but he was not allowed to go out of Ratnagiri. After his release from the British detention, Veer Savarkar focused his attention on tying the Hindus in the thread of unity and Hindu renaissance. He campaigned to end untouchability in Hinduism and laid special emphasis on the co-bhoj of people belonging to scheduled castes and upper castes. When he was completely released in the year 1937, he became the President of the Hindu Mahasabha. Nathuram Godse assassinated Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1948. Veer Savarkar was also accused of this murder but he was released due to insufficient evidence. The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh has included Veer Savarkar among its ideal men. First Jan Sangh and later Bharatiya Janata Party considered Veer Savarkar as their ideal man. Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee was also greatly influenced by Veer Savarkar. Atal Bihari Vajpayee also wrote a poem in honor of Veer Savarkar. The lines of this poem were as follows-
Remember the black water
to the arbitrariness of the British,
Crusher crushing oil,
Savarkar to Sacrificial.